An Overview Of Scientific Research Paper Components


One of the most important aspects of writing a research paper is to ensure that you have all the necessary components in the logical order. Besides, you need to develop the right tone so that your readers take your results seriously. Typically, you need to start with general information, then become more specific as you write further, and again, draw a broader picture at the end.

The Vital Parts of a Winning Research Paper

  1. Title.
  2. Present the topic, indicate your study problem, and use important keywords. Keep your title short, yet informative.

  3. Abstract.
  4. Provide a complete synopsis of your work, including your topic idea, study questions, hypothesis, methods, and main findings.

  5. Introduction.
  6. Introduce the topic by giving basic background information, focus your paper, and explain its purpose.

  7. Literature review.
  8. Describe the most important studies related to your research problem, including the new ideas being considered.

  9. Methods and approaches.
  10. Explain what methods you used to obtain your results and how you designed your exploration. Remember to mention applicable limitations and assumptions.

  11. Results.
  12. Present your main findings in the form of tables, graphs, and brief comments. You shouldn’t discuss the significance of the outcomes in this section.

  13. Discussion.
  14. Answer the “So what?” question, suggest an explanation for problematic or unexpected results, and highlight the possibility of further exploration.

  15. Conclusion.
  16. Summarize your key outcomes as well as their meaning and point out how your work contributes to the understanding of a larger problem.

  17. References.
  18. List all of the sources of information and data you used in the paper and format them following the requirements of your professor.

  19. Acknowledgements.
  20. Include this component to your assignment to thank contributors, not named as authors, e.g. funding organizations or business representatives.

  21. Appendixes.
  22. Include supplementary material that isn’t an essential part of the text itself, but may be useful for your readers.

Some General Tips on Your Document Composition

  • Start writing the part that you find easiest, perhaps with “Literature review” and then “Methods.”
  • Don’t force yourself to finish a section that you’re struggling with; instead, leave this partially-completed piece of writing and then return to it.
  • Credit the sources when you quote, paraphrase, or summarize them. It’s a good idea to use footnotes if you’re allowed.
  • Use the parallel structure, e.g. don’t include another level of subheadings if you have only one such subsection.
  • Ask someone you trust to read and critique your research paper before the submission.
 
 

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